RT - Journal Article
T1 - Entropic Economic Order Quantity Model for Items with Imperfect Quality Considering Constant Rate of Deterioration under Fuzzy Inflationary Conditions
JF - IUST
YR - 2013
JO - IUST
VO - 24
IS - 1
UR - http://ijiepr.iust.ac.ir/article-1-315-en.html
SP - 91
EP - 99
K1 - inventory
K1 - price dependent demand
K1 - fuzzy inflation
K1 - imperfect items
K1 - Thermodynamics laws
AB - It was suggested in 2004 by some researchers that it might be possible to improve production systems performance by applying the first and second laws of thermodynamics to reduce system entropy. Then these laws were used to modify the economic order quantity (EOQ) model to derive an equivalent entropic order quantity (EnOQ). Moreover the political instability or uncertainty of a country (as well as the whole world) leads to a much more unstable situation in the present world economy. Thus, changes in inflation take place, and it is needed to consider uncertain inflation rate. In this paper we extend the EnoQ model by considering deteriorating items with imperfect quality and price dependent demand. We also assume fuzzy inflation and discount rates. A mathematical model is developed to determine the number of cycles that maximizes the present value of total revenue in a finite planning horizon. The fuzzified model for inflation and discount rate is formulated and solved by two methods: signed distance and fuzzy numbers ranking. Numerical examples are presented and results are discussed. Results show that the number of cycles decreases in fuzzy inflationary conditions. They also illustrate that defuzzification method results in more cycles than fuzzy method.
LA eng
UL http://ijiepr.iust.ac.ir/article-1-315-en.html
M3
ER -